Sunday, 7 August 2016

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – Y Pedwarau

Belan (SJ 222 324)

This is the twenty third post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 7th June 2015.

The hill is part of Y Berwyn, which is an extensive group of hills situated in the south-eastern part of north Wales.  The hill is positioned between the small communities of Rhydycroesau to the south-east, Selattyn and Craignant to the north-east and Tregeiriog to the west north-west.

Belan (SJ 222 324)

The hill appeared in the 400m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under the name Pen-y-gwely, with an accompanying note stating; Name from reservoir to the South.  This listing of hills is now co-authored with Aled Williams and known as Y Pedwarau, and the hill’s status as a Pedwar was confirmed by the survey with the Trimble.

  MP survey: 30.2m / 99'. Height from Explorer 240. Name from reservoir to the South.

During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to either invent a name for a hill, or use a name that appeared near to the summit of the hill on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them, or as in this instance, use the name of a reservoir to the south of the hill.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with a little research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found.

Since publication of these P30 lists on Geoff Crowder’s website there have been a number of Ordnance Survey maps made available online, some of these are historical such as the series of Six-Inch maps on the National Library of Scotland website, whilst others are current and digitally updated such as the enlarged map on the Geograph website.  One of the historical maps now available is the Ordnance Survey One-Inch ‘Old Series’ map which was the first map made publicly available by the Ordnance Survey.

Extract from the Ordnance Survey One-Inch 'Old Series' map

The name this hill is now listed by in Y Pedwarau (Europeaklist and Haroldstreet 2013) is Belan, and this was derived from the Ordnance Survey One-Inch ‘Old Series’ map.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Y Berwyn

Name:  Belan

Previously Listed Name:  Pen-y-gwely 

Summit Height:  411.2m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  126

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 22211 32401  

Drop:  30.0m

Myrddyn Phillips and Aled Williams (August 2016)

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