Saturday, 19 November 2016

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – 300m Twmpau

Broomy Leasow (SO 093 881)

This is the fifty ninth post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 2oth April 2016.

The hill is part of the Beacon Hill range, which is situated in the north-eastern part of Mid and West Wales, and the hill is positioned above the A 483 and between the town of Y Drenewydd (Newtown) to its north and the small community of Dolfor to its south-east. 

The Trimble GeoXH 6000 gathering data at the summit of Broomy Leasow

The hill appeared in the 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under the name Bryn-bedwen, with an accompanying note stating; Name from buildings to the South-West.  The listing this hill is now a part of is named Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward) and its height was confirmed by the survey with the Trimble. 

    Name from buildings to the South-West

During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to either invent a name for a hill, or use a name that appeared near to the summit of the hill on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them or as in this instance, just use the name of the farm that is situated to the south-west of the hill’s summit.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with a little research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found. 

The name this hill is now listed by is Broomy Leasow, and the land that this name is applicable to was confirmed via the Tithe map.  The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

Accessing information on the Tithe map is simplified by the use of a split screen enabling the summit to be pinpointed on the map on the right and for the same point to appear on the Tithe map on the left

The enclosed land where the summit of this hill is situated is given the number B282 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Broomy Leasow on the Tithe map and described as Arable; it appears in the county named as Montgomery and in the parish of Ceri.

The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Broomy Leasow on the Tithe map

The name Broomy Leasow is rather evocative, with the word leasow meaning pasture or meadowland, whilst broomy means covered with or abounding in broom, broom being the flowering shrub.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Beacon Hill

Name:  Broomy Leasow

Previously Listed Name:  Bryn-bedwen 

Summit Height:  325.6m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  136

Summit Grid Reference:  SO 09332 88123 
Drop:  c 59m

Myrddyn Phillips (November 2016)

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