Wednesday, 18 January 2017

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – Y Pedwarau

Esgair Fawr (SN 927 433)

This is the sixty sixth post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 28th December 2016.

The hill is a part of the Mynydd Epynt range of hills, which is situated in the south-eastern part of Mid and West Wales (Region B, Sub-Region B-2), and is positioned above the small town of Llanwrtyd (Llanwrtyd Wells) to its north-west and Llangamarch (Llangammarch Wells) to its north. 

Esgair Fawr (SN 927 433)

The hill appeared in the 400m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under the name Ffynnon Bevan, with an accompanying note stating that this is a trig point name.  This listing of hills is now co-authored with Aled Williams and known as Y Pedwarau, and the height of the hill was confirmed by the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000. 

Ffynnon Bevan
Fynnon Bevan is trig point name. Clem: drop 34m. Included by contour configuration.

Hill list authors are prone to list a hill by the name that appears nearest to its summit on Ordnance Survey maps, without much consideration for its local or historical confirmation, or whether map placement is appropriate, and in the case of Ffynnon Bevan this name is presented on Ordnance Survey maps south-westward of this hill’s summit as Fynnon Dafydd Bevan and is applicable to a spring beside an old farm house.  Although the Ordnance Survey have been responsible for the documenting of many thousands of Welsh upland place-names, and in the process of doing so they have also saved an unprecedented number of these names from being lost, they are also responsible for using names that are not the most appropriate, although in their defence of this name, all they have done is name a trig pillar and not necessarily the hill.  However, this is an example where the supplanting of a name can easily lead an ill-informed hill list author down a route that lists a hill by an inappropriate name.   

With time and inclination place-name data can be improved by asking local people and examining historical documents, and in the case of this hill it was a local farmer who gave the name Esgair Fawr for land taking in the summit of this hill.

Therefore the name this hill is listed by in Y Pedwarau (Europeaklist May 2013 and Haroldstreet January 2014) is Esgair Fawr and this was derived from local enquiry.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Mynydd Epynt

Name:  Esgair Fawr

Previously Listed Name:  Ffynnon Bevan
Summit Height:  475.3m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  147, 160

Summit Grid Reference:  SN 92746 43357  

Drop:  36.1m

Myrddyn Phillips and Aled Williams (January 2017)

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