Saturday, 16 July 2016

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – Y Trichant

Bryn (SN 755 764)

There has been a Significant Name Change to a hill that is listed in the Y Trichantwith the following details relating to a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 31st August 2014.

The criteria for the list that this name change affects are:

Y Trichant These are the Welsh hills at and above 300m and below 400m in height that have 30m minimum drop,  with the introduction to the re-naming and the publication history of this list appearing on Mapping Mountains on the 13th May 2017.

The hill is situated in the Elenydd range, which is an extensive group of hills in the northern part of mid and west Wales.  The hill is positioned to the north of the B 4574 road as it heads south-eastward out of Pontarfynach (Devil’s Bridge) toward Cwmystwyth.

Bryn (SN 755 764)

The hill appeared in the 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under an invented name of Bryn Bodcoll, with an accompanying note stating; Name from buildings to the South-West, with Bodcoll being the name of a farm.  During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to invent a name for a hill if no name seemed to appear for it on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found.

Bryn Bodcoll
      Two points of same height. Name from buildings to the South-West

The name this hill is now listed by is Bryn, and this was derived from the Tithe map.  The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

The enclosed land is given the number 237 on the Tithe map

When cross referenced in the apportionments the enclosed land is named as Bryn

The enclosed land where the summit of Bryn is situated is given the number 237 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Bryn and is described as Pasture; it appears in the county named as Cardigan and in the parish of Llanfihangel y Creuddyn.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Elenydd

Name:  Bryn

Previously Listed Name:  Bryn Bodcoll 

Summit Height:  340.7m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  135, 147

Summit Grid Reference:  SN 75568 76490  

Drop:  c 33m

Myrddyn Phillips (July 2016)

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