Bryn (SN 755 764)
This is the thirteenth post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 31st August 2014.
The hill is situated in the Elenydd range, which is an extensive group of hills in the northern part of mid and west Wales. The hill is positioned to the north of the B 4574 road as it heads south-eastward out of Pontarfynach (Devil’s Bridge) toward Cwmystwyth.
|Bryn (SN 755 764)|
The hill appeared in the 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s v-g.me website under an invented name of Bryn Bodcoll, with an accompanying note stating; Name from buildings to the South-West, with Bodcoll being the name of a farm. During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to invent a name for a hill if no name seemed to appear for it on Ordnance Survey maps of the day. My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them. This is not a practice that I now advocate as with a little research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found.
Two points of same height. Name from buildings to the South-West
The name this hill is now listed by is Bryn, and this was derived from the Tithe map. The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act. This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods. The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land. This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.
|The enclosed land is given the number 237 on the Tithe map|
|When cross referenced in the apportionments the enclosed land is named as Bryn|
The enclosed land where the summit of Bryn is situated is given the number 237 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land. The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Bryn and is described as Pasture; it appears in the county named as Cardigan and in the parish of Llanfihangel y Creuddyn.
The full details for the hill are:
Previously Listed Name: Bryn Bodcoll
Summit Height: 340.7m (converted to OSGM15)
OS 1:50,000 map: 135, 147
Summit Grid Reference: SN 75568 76490
Drop: c 33m
Myrddyn Phillips (July 2016)