Wednesday, 20 July 2016

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – 200m Twmpau

Ffridd (SJ 084 141)

This is the fourteenth post under the heading of Significant Name Changes, and the following details are in respect of a hill that was surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 on the 13th December 2014.

The hill is situated in Y Berwyn, which is an extensive hill range in the south-eastern part of north Wales, and is positioned between the small communities of Dolanog to the south-west, Pontrobert to the south-east and Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa to the north and overlooks the Afon Efyrnwy (River Vyrnwy) to the south.

The Trimble GeoXH 6000 gathering data at the summit of Ffridd

The hill appeared in the Sub List that accompanied the 200m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website and its status as a Sub-Twmpau was confirmed by the survey with the Trimble.  The name Twmpau is an acronym for ‘thirty welsh metre prominences and upward’, with a Sub-Twmpau being those hills that have 20m or more and less than 30m of prominence. 

The hill appeared in this Sub List under the name of Penygorddyn, this name appears closest to this listed hill’s summit but strictly applies to a 274m map heighted hill at SJ 081 140 whose summit area comprises a banked and possibly ditched hilltop enclosure that is now immersed in a conifer plantation.  During my early hill listing I used the map name that appeared closest to the summit of the listed hill, without due consideration for its positional value, doing so can perpetuate the use of inappropriate names.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with a little research either conducted locally or historically an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found.


The name this hill is now listed by is Ffridd and this was derived from the Tithe map.  The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

Accessing information on the Tithe map is simplified by the use of a split screen enabling the summit to be pinpointed on the map on the right and for the same point to appear on the Tithe map on the left

The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Frydd on the Tithe map

The enclosed land where the summit of Ffridd is situated is given the number 1005 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named Ffridd (conforming to standard modern Welsh) on the Tithe map, and it appears in the county named as Montgomery and in the parish of Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Y Berwyn

Name:  Ffridd

Previously Listed Name:  Penygorddyn
Summit Height:  295.9m (converted to OSGM15)

OS 1:50,000 map:  125

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 08441 14114 
Drop:  29.1m

Myrddyn Phillips (July 2016)

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