Monday, 6 November 2017

Mapping Mountains – Significant Height Revisions – 100m Twmpau


100m Twmpau – Significant Height Revisions

The 100m Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward) are the Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum drop of 30m.  Accompanying the main P30 list is a sub list entitled the 100m Sub-Twmpau with the qualification to this sub category being all Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height with 20m or more and below 30m of drop.

The list is authored by Myrddyn Phillips and the posts that have appeared on Mapping Mountains detailing the significant height revisions to the main P30 list and the sub list appear below presented chronologically in receding order.








Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

Bryn Maelgwyn (SH 795 805) - 6th significant height revision

Survey post for Bryn Maelgwyn


There has been a Significant Height Revision to a hill that is listed in the 100m Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward) as well as Y Trechol - The Dominant Hills of Wales, and which was initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000, with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on 16th January 2016.

The criteria for the two listings that this height revision affects are:

100m Twmpau - These are the Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum drop of 30m. 

Y Trechol - The Dominant Hills of Wales - These are the Welsh P30 hills whose prominence  equal or exceed half that of their absolute height.  With the criteria for Lesser Dominant status being those addition Welsh P30 hills whose prominence is 33% or more and below 50% of their absolute height.

The name of the hill is Bryn Maelgwyn and it is situated in the north-western part of the Rhos range of hills that is adjoined to Gogarth (Great Orme), and is positioned above the town of Llandudno.

The hill was surveyed in the company of Alex Cameron during a grey and damp day when we visited five P30 Twmpau hills over four separate small walks, with each summit being Trimbled.

Bryn Maelgwyn can be accessed from its south where a public footpath enters the Coed y Gell woodland.  However, to reach the summit one has to leave this footpath and the going thereafter becomes rougher with brambles and bracken creating a tangled web of undergrowth.  When I visited with Alex the underfoot conditions were never difficult and as the deciduous trees are growing relatively far apart from one another there are sufficient gaps in between to make good progress toward the summit.

Prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 this hill was listed with c 43m of drop and 40.57% Dominance based on an estimated summit height of of c 106m based on a 105m uppermost contour and 5m contour intervals which appear on the Ordnance Survey enlarged mapping hosted on the Geograph website, and an estimated bwlch height of c 63m, with the summit height produced by the survey with the Trimble being 102.1m (converted to OSGM15).  

Therefore this hill’s new summit height is 102.1m (converted to OSGM15) which is 3.9m lower than its previously estimated height of c 106m and 2.9m lower than its uppermost ring contour on the Ordnance Survey enlarged mapping hosted on the Geograph website.


The full details for the hill are:

Cardinal Hill:  Gogarth 

Summit Height (New Height):  102.1m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  Bryn Maelgwyn

OS 1:50,000 map:  115

Summit Grid Reference:  SH 79580 80540 
         
Drop:  c 39

Dominance:  38.20%


Gathering data from the summit of Bryn Maelgwyn which resulted in this hill's significant height revision


Myrddyn Phillips (January 2016)







Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

The Pimple (SJ 299 472) - 5th significant height revision

Survey post for The Pimple

Hill Reclassifications post for The Pimple

Summit Relocations post for The Pimple

Significant Name Changes post for The Pimple


There has been a Significant Height Revision initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 to the listing of the 100m Twmpau, with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on the 2oth October 2015.

The criteria for the listing that this height revision affects are:

100m Twmpau - These are the Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum drop of 30m.  The word Twmpau is an acronym for thirty welsh metre prominences and upward.  The criteria for 100m Sub-Twmpau status are all Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height with 20m or more and below 30m of drop. 

The name of the hill is The Pimple; this is a locally known name which was given me when I made enquiries during the survey for the bwlch position of the hill.  The hill remains unnamed on Ordnance Survey maps and its locally known name relates directly to the past industrial heritage of the hill, as its summit is made of mining waste that is now stabilised and grassed over.  The uppermost part of the summit is relatively small in area and squat in shape, and resembles a pimple as it sits upon another elevated part of the hill.

The hill is situated in the eastern part of the Moel y Gamelin range of hills, and is positioned above the small community of Pentre Bychan which is adjacent to the larger community of Rhosllanerchrugog.

The hill can be accessed from its west where a public footpath traverses the course of the valley where its bwlch is positioned.  However, permission should be sought for those wishing to visit as the summit is not on designated open access land.  When I visited I asked permission to do so and was kindly directed to the best ascent route.

Prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 this hill was not classified but its summit position was indicated to be at SJ 30075 47320, this is where a 154m spot height appears on Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer maps, with a 23m difference in height compared to the  131m summit spot height on the Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 Landranger map.   The latter spot height is positioned in a field which had been ploughed and probably seeded when I visited.  However there is also high ground to the south-west of where the 154m spot height appears on the ground and each respective point was surveyed, with the following results:

                                                                                                                                 
South-western high point (The Pimple):  153.5m (converted to OSGM15) at SJ 29984 47262

North-eastern high point (154m spot height in field):  153.1m (converted to OSGM15) at SJ 30071 47279


The 153.5m (converted to OSGM15) summit height is not a dramatic height revision when compared to the 154m spot height, but the new summit position does not possess any ring contours on current Ordnance Survey maps and therefore meets the parameters of the Significant Height Revisions used within this page heading, these parameters are:

The term Significant Height Revision applies to any listed hill whose Ordnance Survey summit spot height has a 2m or more discrepancy when compared to the surveyed height produced by the Trimble GeoXH 6000, also included are hills whose summit map data is missing an uppermost ring contour when compared to the data produced by the Trimble.  As heights on different scaled Ordnance Survey maps are not consistent the height given on the 1:25,000 map is being prioritised for detailing these revisions.

Although this hill’s new summit height of 153.5m (converted to OSGM15) is only 0.5m different from the spot height that appears on the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map, the hill’s summit position has now been established and this is 8.5m higher than the 145m uppermost contour ring shown on the 1:25,000 map for where the summit of the hill is positioned.


The full details for the hill are:

Cardinal Hill:  Moel y Gamelin

Summit Height (New Height):  153.5m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  The Pimple

OS 1:50,000 map:  117

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 29984 47262 
         
Drop:  25.2m (converted to OSGM15)


Gathering data at the summit of The Pimple which resulted in this hill's significant height revision


Myrddyn Phillips (November 2015)






Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

Bersham Bank (SJ 311 481) - 4th significant height revision

Survey post for Bersham Bank

Hill Reclassification post for Bersham Bank

Significant Name Changes post for Bersham Bank



There has been a Significant Height Revision initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 to a hill that is now listed in the 100m Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward), with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on 13th October 2015.  With the criteria for 100m Twmpau status being all Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum 30m of drop.

The name of the hill is Bersham Bank; with this being the preferred locally known name for the hill and which was given me when I made enquiries after my ascent (see Significant Name Changes).  There is no name for the hill on current maps but ‘Colliery (disused)’ appears on the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map where the hill is situated.  As the Ordnance Survey detail implies, this hill is the relic of coal waste which was deposited from the workings of the Bersham Colliery which closed its operations in December 1986.

Bersham Bank is situated in the Moel y Gamelin range of hills, and is positioned on the southern outskirts of Rhostyllen, which is a south-western suburb of Wrecsam (Wrexham).  There is a circuitous path on the southern and eastern middle section of the hill; this can be accessed from a road to its east that is adjacent to an industrial estate.  Beside the road is a perimeter fence seemingly barring entrance to a path on the lower slopes of the hill, however, one section of the six foot high fence has been toppled over giving access to the public, including local people, who I was told occasionally walk up the hill.

The hill had no classification prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 as although it is prominent and rises almost directly above the A 483; it possesses no contour rings on current Ordnance Survey maps, except for those at its bwlch and these are between 100m – 105m, with the height of the bwlch estimated as being c 103m, with the summit height produced by the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 being 153.6m (converted to OSGM15).

Although this hill does not possess any summit contours on Ordnance Survey mapping, there are two hills created from coal waste that are relatively near to Bersham Bank that do possess separate ring contours, these are situated at SJ 311 469 and SJ 300 473. 

Therefore this hill’s new summit height is 153.6m (converted to OSGM15), as no summit contours exist for the hill this is a dramatic 48.6m increase in height compared to its uppermost hill to hill bwlch contour of 105m.


The full details for the hill are:

Cardinal Hill:  Moel y Gamelin

Summit Height (New Height):  153.6m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  Bersham Bank

OS 1:50,000 map:  117

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 31159 48116
   
Drop:  c 51m


Gathering data from the summit of Bersham Bank which resulted in this hill's significant height revision


Myrddyn Phillips (November 2015)






Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

Bryn Mawr (SJ 251 190) - 3rd significant height revision

Survey post for Bryn Mawr


There has been a Significant Height Revision to a hill listed in the 100m Twmpau and Y Trechol - The Dominant Hills of Wales, and which was initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000, with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on 8th August 2015.

The criteria for the two listings that this height revision affects are:

100m Twmpau - These are the Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum drop of 30m.  The word Twmpau is an acronym for thirty welsh metre prominences and upward

Y Trechol - The Dominant Hills of Wales - These are the Welsh P30 hills whose prominence  equal or exceed half that of their absolute height.

The name of the hill is Bryn Mawr and it is situated in the lower hills of the Carnedd Wen range, and is positioned above the small community of Four Crosses which is situated beside the Afon Efyrnwy (River Vyrnwy) and part of the Montgomeryshire Canal.

The hill was surveyed in the company of Alex Cameron during a multi hill bagging day when the weather was set fine and we visited nine P30 Twmpau hills with seven of them being Trimbled.

Access to Bryn Mawr is good from the west of its summit, as there is sufficient parking close to a gate that accesses a field to another gate which leads on to the hill.  However, the upper section is overgrown and the ancient earthen embankments of its hill fort are now immersed in long grass, nettles and brambles.  The summit is easily identified and the hill is recommended as there is a peaceful ambiance to it.

The hill has a 170m uppermost contour ring on  Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 Landranger and 1:25,000 Explorer maps, with the latter having contour intervals at 5m.  Prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 the hill had been listed with an estimated summit height of c 174m based on the dimensions of the uppermost contour in relation to the steepness of the surrounding ground, with the height resulting from the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 being 178.1m (converted to OSGM15).

Therefore this hill’s new summit height is 178.1m (converted to OSGM15) which is 4.1m higher than its previously estimated height of c 174m and 8.1m higher than its uppermost ring contour on Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 Landranger and 1:25,000 Explorer maps.


The full details for the hill are:

Cardinal Hill:  Carnedd Wen

Summit Height (New Height):  178.1m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  Bryn Mawr

OS 1:50,000 map:  126

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 25117 19054
  
Drop:  90m

Dominance:  50.53%


Gathering data from the summit of Bryn Mawr which resulted in this hill's significant height revision


Myrddyn Phillips (September 2015)






Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

Y Gaer (SJ 204 155) - 2nd significant height revision

Survey post for Y Gaer


There has been a Significant Height Revision initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 to a hill that is listed in the 100m Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward), with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on 8th August 2015.  With the criteria for 100m Twmpau status being all Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum 30m of drop.

The name of the hill is Y Gaer and it is situated in the Carnedd Wen range, and is positioned above the small community of Trefnanney which is beside the Afon Efyrnwy (River Vyrnwy) and the Dyffryn Meifod.

Y Gaer was surveyed in the company of Alex Cameron during a multi hill bagging day when we had glorious weather and visited nine P30 Twmpau hills with seven of them being Trimbled.

The hill has two uppermost 125m ring contours on Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer maps, these are bisected by a lane that follows this hill’s summit ridge in a south-west to north-east direction.  It is from the top of this narrow lane that easy access to the high point of the hill can be found.

The larger of the two uppermost ring contours is positioned to the west of the smaller one, and it is the larger ring contour where the remains of an ancient earthen embankment is indicated on Ordnance Survey maps.  It is this ancient hill fort that gives the hill its name.

Prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 the height of the hill was estimated as being c 129m based on the dimension of the uppermost westerly 125m contour ring against the steepness of ground as indicated by contours on this hill’s northern, western and southern slopes.

However, the summit of this hill now possesses a covered reservoir which is indicated as a small round circle on Ordnance Survey maps, and as a number of P30s comprising many walks took place on the day of this hill's survey the lay of land was quickly judged and the Trimble GeoXH 6000 placed on land that probably forma a part of the covered reservoir.  If the hill is visited again the land will be re-assessed, but until then the height and position of the summit is being taken as that produced by the Trimble, a second visit would also give chance to survey the highest point of the easterly contour.

The 130.5m (converted to OSGM15) height produced by the Trimble GeoXH 6000 is not a dramatic height revision when compared to this hill’s previously listed height of c 229m, but as the contours on the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map are at 5m intervals it does come within the parameters of the Significant Height Revisions used within this page heading, these parameters are:

The term Significant Height Revision applies to any listed hill whose Ordnance Survey summit spot height has a 2m or more discrepancy when compared to the height surveyed with the Trimble GeoXH 6000, also included are hills whose summit map data is missing an uppermost ring contour when compared to the data produced by the Trimble.  As heights on different scaled Ordnance Survey maps are not consistent the height given on the 1:25,000 map is being prioritised for detailing these revisions.

Therefore this hill’s new summit height is 130.5m (converted to OSGM15) which is 1.5m higher than its previously estimated height and 5.5m higher than its uppermost ring contour on current Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer maps.


The full details for the hill are:

Cardinal Hill:  Carnedd Wen

Summit Height (New Height):  130.5m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  Y Gaer

OS 1:50,000 map:  126

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 20413 15563
  
Drop:  c 39m


Gathering data from the summit of Y Gaer which resulted in this hill's significant height revision


Myrddyn Phillips (September 2015)







Mapping Mountains - Significant Height Revisions - 100m Twmpau

Bryn y Beili (SJ 235 643) - 1st significant height revision

Survey post for Bryn y Beili

Hill Reclassifications post for Bryn y Beili


There has been a Significant Height Revision initiated by a survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 to the listing of the 100m Twmpau (thirty welsh metre prominences and upward), with these details being retrospective as the survey that resulted in this height revision was conducted on 8th April 2014.  With the criteria for 100m Twmpau status being all Welsh hills at or above 100m and below 200m in height that have a minimum 30m of drop.

The name of the hill is Bryn y Beili (Bailey Hill in English) and it is situated in the Bryniau Clwyd range of hills and is positioned in the town centre of Yr Wyddgrug (Mold), which is situated in north-east Wales.  The survey was conducted in the company of Mark Trengove over two days, three weeks apart, and it was Mark who proposed that this hill was a candidate for becoming a new P30, his inclination proved correct.  With the first survey concentrating on the bwlch and which resulted in an unfortunate incident when the Trimble wrestled with a car and was run over, whilst the second survey concentrated on the summit of the hill.

The hill can be accessed from the top of the High Street in Yr Wyddgrug (Mold), although the hill is prominent within the town it is almost hidden from view as it rises behind the former Pendref Chapel and is surrounded by a high wall, trees and shrubs.

The summit height of Bryn y Beili has been increased from its current Ordnance Survey map height, as prior to the survey with the Trimble GeoXH 6000 the hill was not listed as it only had an uppermost ring contour of 130m on Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer maps, with a 135m spot height appearing on lower ground in the centre of a bowling rink on the Ordnance Survey enlarged mapping hosted on the Geograph website.  The hill's new summit height is 143.0m (converted to OSGM15) which is 8.0m higher than the 135m spot height.


The full details for the hill are:


Cardinal Hill:  Moel y Gamelin

Summit Height (New Height):  143.0m (converted to OSGM15)

Name:  Bryn y Beili

OS 1:50,000 map:  117

Summit Grid Reference:  SJ 23544 64367
  
Drop:  31.5m (converted to OSGM15)


Bryn y Beili, a new P30 and a hill whose height has been significantly revised


Myrddyn Phillips (August 2015)

No comments: