Monday, 1 June 2020

Mapping Mountains – Significant Name Changes – Y Trichant – The 300m Hills of Wales

Ffridd y Coed Uchaf (SH 823 552)

There has been a Significant Name Change to a hill that is listed in the Y Trichant – The 300m Hills of Wales, with the summit height, bwlch height and their locations, the drop and status of the hill confirmed by LIDAR analysis conducted by Myrddyn Phillips and also derived from detail on contemporary Ordnance Survey maps.

LIDAR image of Ffridd y Coed Uchaf (SH 823 552)

The criteria for the list that this name change applies to are:

Y Trichant The 300m Hills of Wales.  Welsh hills at or above 300m and below 400m in height that have 30m minimum drop, with an accompanying sub list entitled the Sub-Trichant with the criteria for this sub category being all Welsh hills at or above 300m and below 400m in height with 20m or more and below 30m of drop.  The list is authored by Myrddyn Phillips, with the Introduction to the list and the renaming of it appearing on Mapping Mountains on the 13th May 2017.

The hill is adjoined to the Mynydd Hiraethog group of hills which are situated in the north-eastern part of North Wales (Region A, Sub-Region A2), and it is positioned with the A470 road to its north-west, the A5 road to its south-west and the B5113 road to its east, and has the village of Betws-y-coed towards the west north-west.

The hill appeared in the original Welsh 300m P30 list on Geoff Crowder’s website under the directional name of Moel Trefriw South Top, with an accompanying note stating; Name from hill to the North.

Moel Trefriw South Top329mSH82355311617Name from hill to the North

During my early hill listing I thought it appropriate to either invent a name for a hill, or use a name that appeared near to the summit of the hill on Ordnance Survey maps of the day.  My preference was to use farm names and put Pen, Bryn or Moel in front of them or as in this instance use a directional name based on supplanting the name adjoined to the hill to the north and adding a directional component to it.  This is not a practice that I now advocate as with time and inclination place-name data can be improved either by asking local people or by examining historic documents, through this form of research an appropriate name for the hill can usually be found.

Extract from the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map

As this hill comprises bounded land the Tithe map was consulted.  The term Tithe map is generally given to a map of a Welsh or English parish or township and which was prepared after the 1836 Tithe Commutation Act.  This act allowed tithes to be paid in cash rather than goods.  The Tithe maps gave names of owners and occupiers of land in each parish and importantly for place-name research they also included the name of enclosed land.  This enclosed land is usually based on a field system, however not every field is given a name, but many are and especially so in Wales.

Extract from the Tithe map

The enclosed land where the summit of this hill is situated is given the number 2045 on the Tithe map, this can be cross referenced against the apportionments; it is these apportionments that give the name of the owner or occupier of the land as well as the name of the land.  The land where the summit of this hill is situated is named as Ffridd y Coed Uchaf in the apportionments, with the details on the Tithe map appearing in the parish of Llanrwst and in the county named as Denbigh.

Extract from the apportionments

Therefore, the name this hill is now listed by in the Y Trichant – The 300m Hills of Wales is Ffridd y Coed Uchaf, and this was derived from the Tithe map.

The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Mynydd Hiraethog

Name:  Ffridd y Coed Uchaf

Previously Listed Name:  Moel Trefriw South Top

OS 1:50,000 map:  116

Summit Height:  329.8m (LIDAR)

Summit Grid Reference:  SH 82339 55243 (LIDAR)

Bwlch Height:  c 276m (interpolation)

Bwlch Grid Reference:  SH 82769 56136 (interpolation)

Drop:  c 54m (LIDAR summit and interpolated bwlch)

Myrddyn Phillips (June 2020)

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