Monday, 4 May 2020

Mapping Mountains – Significant Height Revisions – 500m Twmpau and The Welsh Highlands – Uchafion Cymru


Carreg Croes Ifor (SO 248 106)

There has been a Significant Height Revision to a hill that is listed in the 500m Twmpau and The Welsh Highlands – Uchafion Cymru, with the summit height, bwlch height and their locations, the drop and status of the hill confirmed by LIDAR analysis conducted by Aled Williams.

LIDAR image of Carreg Croes Ifor (SO 248 106)

The criteria for the two listings that this height revision applies to are:

500m Twmpau – Welsh hills at or above 500m and below 600m in height that have 30m minimum drop, with an accompanying sub category entitled the 500m Sub-Twmpau consisting of all Welsh hills at or above 500m and below 600m in height that have 20m or more and below 30m of drop.  With the word Twmpau being an acronym standing for thirty welsh metre prominences and upward.  The list is authored by Myrddyn Phillips and is published on Mapping Mountains in Google Doc format.

The Welsh Highlands – Uchafion Cymru This is the revised draft title for the Welsh 500m P15s list that takes in all hills in Wales at or above 500m in height with 15m minimum drop.  The list is co-authored by Myrddyn Phillips and Aled Williams with the Introduction to the list being published on Mapping Mountains in November 2015 and an update relating to the list appearing on Mapping Mountains on the 19th June 2019.

The name the hill is listed by is Carreg Croes Ifor and it is adjoined to the Cymoedd Gwent group of hills, which are situated in the eastern part of South Wales (Region C, Sub-Region C2), and it is positioned with the A465 road to its north, the B4248 road to its south-west and the B4246 road to its east, and has the town of Blaenafon towards the south south-east.

When the original list of Welsh 500m P15s that later became known as Yr Uchafion and latterly as The Welsh Highlands – Uchafion Cymru was first compiled, this hill was listed with an estimated c 18m of drop based on a non-interpolated c 500m summit height and a 482m bwlch height taken from the spot height that appears on the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map.

Extract from the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Explorer map

Since first compilation of the Welsh 500m P15 list there are a number of maps now available online, and the details for this hill were re-assessed when the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Historical map became available online, and this map gives a 1657ft (505.1m) summit spot height for this hill.

Extract from the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Historical map

The imperial height on the Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 Historical map is derived from a 1657.4m (505.2m) Surface Height that appears on the Ordnance Survey series of Six-Inch maps.  Therefore, the summit height for this hill was revised and listed as 505m with the caveat that since this height was derived this hill has undergone mining activity which has substantially altered the landscape.

Extract from the Ordnance Survey series of Six-Inch maps

However, it was not until LIDAR became available that the details for this hill could be accurately re-assessed.  The LIDAR (Light Detection & Ranging) technique produced highly accurate height data that is now freely available for much of England and Wales.

LIDAR summit image for Carreg Croes Ifor

The summit height and position produced by LIDAR analysis is 509.8m at SO 24848 10663, this is a dramatic height revision when compared to some revised heights, and it comes within the parameters of the Significant Height Revisions used within this page heading, these parameters are:

The term Significant Height Revisions applies to any listed hill whose interpolated summit height and Ordnance Survey or Harvey map summit spot height has a 2m or more discrepancy when compared to the survey result produced by the Trimble GeoXH 6000 or analysis of data produced via LIDAR.  Also included are hills whose summit map data is missing an uppermost ring contour when compared to the data produced by the Trimble or by LIDAR analysis.

During analysis of this hill, Aled used overlays from old maps with contemporary maps and the details produced via LIDAR.  This shows that the natural 505.2m summit positioned at SO 24810 10620 is now under a substantial amount of mine spoil and this has raised the height of the summit to 509.8m. 

As the natural summit is now under a spoil tip and an on-site visit confirms this artificially raised summit to be solid and stable it is the LIDAR summit height and position that is now taken for this hill.     

Therefore, this hill’s new listed summit height is 509.8m and this was derived from LIDAR analysis, this is 4.8m higher than the 505m summit height that was previously given for this hill. 


ills of Wales, and are reproduced below@
The full details for the hill are:

Group:  Cymoedd Gwent

Name:  Carreg Croes Ifor

OS 1:50,000 map:  161

Summit Height (New Height):  509.8m (LIDAR, artificially raised)

Summit Grid Reference:  SO 24848 10663 (LIDAR) 
 
Bwlch Height:  482.1m (LIDAR)

Bwlch Grid Reference:  SO 25485 10565 (LIDAR)

Drop:  27.7m (LIDAR)


Aled Williams and Myrddyn Phillips (May 2020)





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